Food, Mood and Stress Management

The relationship between food, mood, and stress management is a complex one. Research has shown that the food we eat can have a significant impact on our mental health, and that certain foods can help alleviate symptoms of anxiety and depression. This is due to the gut-brain axis, a bidirectional communication network between the central nervous system and the enteric nervous system, which is responsible for controlling digestion (Goyal et al., 2014). The gut microbiome plays a crucial role in this axis, producing neurotransmitters and hormones that influence our mood and emotional state.

One of the most well-studied examples of the gut-brain connection is the relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and mental health. Omega-3s, particularly EPA and DHA, have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety (Kiecolt-Glaser et al., 2011). Fatty fish such as salmon, sardines, and mackerel are rich in these essential fatty acids, making them an excellent addition to a diet aimed at managing stress and improving mood.

In addition to omega-3s, other nutrients such as B vitamins, magnesium, and vitamin D have also been linked to mental health. Deficiencies in these nutrients have been associated with increased symptoms of depression and anxiety (Lamers et al., 2012). A diet rich in whole foods such as leafy greens, nuts, and whole grains can provide adequate amounts of these essential nutrients.

While certain foods can help alleviate symptoms of stress and anxiety, it’s also important to note that a diet high in processed foods, sugar, and saturated fats can exacerbate these symptoms. Consuming a diet rich in these unhealthy substances can lead to chronic inflammation, which has been linked to an increased risk of depression (Luppino et al., 2010). Therefore, it’s essential to focus on consuming a balanced diet that prioritizes whole foods and minimizes processed ingredients.

In conclusion, the relationship between food, mood, and stress management is complex and multifaceted. By incorporating foods rich in omega-3s, B vitamins, magnesium, and vitamin D into our diets, we can support a healthy gut-brain relationship and reduce symptoms of stress and anxiety. Additionally, avoiding or minimizing consumption of processed foods and sugary substances can help promote overall mental well-being. As healthcare professionals and individuals alike prioritize mental health, it’s essential to consider the role that nutrition plays in this equation.

If you are looking for tips to help you change your nutrition patterns to support better mood and stress management, register for the FREE nutrition talk, Tuesday, June 18th, 2024 at 7:30PM through zoom.  Members can register under events on the Push Press App, and non-members can register by sending an email to with your first and last name and the email you would like the link sent.


Goyal, M., Kinnaird, R., & Jassal, S. (2014). The Gut-Brain Axis: A Critical Review. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 48(6), 515-523.

Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., Belury, L., Porter, K., Malarkey, W. B., & Emery, C. F. (2011). Omega-3 fatty acids for treatment of chronic nonmalignant pain: A review. Journal of Pain Research, 4(1), 19-32.

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